Arulmigu Thiru Courtrallanathar Swamy Temple

Location

This is only official website of the Thiru Courtrallanathar Swamy Temple. This temple is administrated by The Hindu Religious & Charitable Endowments Department Tamilnadu and inspected area Thenkasi.

This temple is located at about five kilometers, away from Tenkasi, Tirunelveli – district. Ad midst of Sylvan surroundings, with the adjoining background of main falls, this Courtralanathaswami temple is found in the Courtralam Township. As Courtralam – falls is popular among the people; Sri Courtralanathaswami Temple is famous for one of its Pancha-Sabha known as Chitra – Sabha.

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The temple is dedicated to Sri Thiru Courtrallanathar, Thirukootachalapathi and Kuzhalvoimozhi Amman (Devi whose voice is as sweet as the music of the flute). Jack tree is the Sthala Vruksha. Saint Tirugnanasambander of 7th Century A.D. glorifies the Lord of Kutralam in 2 pathihams one of which relates to the Sthala Vruksha Other Saints Tirunavkarasar Manickavachagar Pattinathar etc., have poured forth their feelings of spiritual ecstasy in soul – stirring lyrics.

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At Kutralam be found a vaishnava temple which he transformed by his magic touch into a Siva one, God Vishnu changing into Sivalingam, the conch in his hand, expanding as the temple and the chakra rising as the siharam . The temple is therefore conch – shaped – a peculiarity unlike other temples that are either squares of rectangles in shape .The Sthalapurana describes this story in interesting detail,

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Three major festival of ten days each are celebrated in a year; Vishu festival (April) Aipasi Vishu festival (October) Arudra (Erato) Festival (Des – Jan). A special feature of this temple is that during Arudra festival, Thandava Deeparedhana representing the cosmic Dance of the Supreme Being is offered daily to God Nataraja both morning and evening in the temple and specially on the Arudra – day and During the other two festivals this offering and picturesque festival days.

Presiding Deities:

Thiru Courtrallanathar

Presiding Deities:

Kuzhalvoimozhi Amman

Amman Shrine:

Kuzhalvoimozhi Amman is the consort of Lord Courtralanathaswami Her shrine is on the southern side of Lord Siva’s shrine. The peedams of Annavi Pillai and the other deities are seen in front of this shrine. Along the periphery of this shrine are seen idols of Kailasanathar on the sourthern side and Sri Durga on the northern side and rest room of the deity.

Outer Periphery:

Along the outer periphery are seen idols of the Gods, Goddesses and saints such as Kurumbalanathar, sixty three Nayanmars, Nannagara perumal, Sailappar, Vallabha Vinayagar, Papanasar, Ulagamman, Nellaippar, Gandhimathi Amman, Manakkola Nathar, Narumbunathar, Sankaralinganathar, Palvannanathar, Oppanai Amman, Chockalingar, Meenakshi, Sastha, Madunatheswarar, Aram Valarthanayaki Amman, Agasthiar, Vasugi, Pancha Darshana, Sahasralingam (1000 lingam), Kasiviswanathar, Visalakshi, Sivalaya Muni, Bairava, Yagashala, Navagraha (a shrine of nine planets). Hence, worship at Sri Courtallanathar temple is equivalent to worshipping at all important saivite temples.

Temple History:

Today’s Thirukkutralanathr temple was constructed by raja rajan.The first round wall was build by him.Is an example of chola reign. Historians claim that there was a perumal sannithi on the left side of the Mollavar.

During the pandiya reign the karuvarai Artha mandapam, maha mandapam, separate temple for kulalvai mozhi amman and pillayan kattalai mandapam.

At the time of nayakkar rule parasakthi temple was constructed , the compound wall , sangu street and inner street and new sannithis were built.Shiva devotee agathiyar may here removed the perumal sannithi and that place is used as vengam room at present.

Thirikooda mandapam, Pasupirai, Thattodi,vaitheeyappa vilasam, The front mandapam of kulalvai mozhi amman, sangai veethi and kalpavuthal at vasantha veethi. Were build by the things of vadakarai Aathikkam sokkampatti.

In 1925, The Aaralvai mozhi temple was renovated by the people of the town.

Stala Puranam:

When parvathi’s marriage took place in the Himalayas , All three world come to be in a single line the south seemed to be higher than the north. Lord sent sage agasthiar equaling him to the status of devas to the trigooda hills. When sage agasthiar came this temple was a vairava temple. when he tired to entered the temple was a stopped by dwara palagas. so he worshipped Ilanji kumaran. He was Granted a wish to get whatever he wanted. At this instance agasthiyar told Ilanji Kumaran the problem he faced while trying to enter the temple. So he grand him the boon to take the form of a Vairavate , took bath in the eascade and entered the temple successfully.

Every one considered him as a guru and showed due respect when enquired about his where about agasthiar replied that he came from tirupathi mularri kannan tirupathi and ordered that all pooja articles to be brought he removed the priest from the street he worshipped the stupa and the surrounding gods and lord thirumal.He took the vishwaroopa form and kept his hand on loard thirumal saying ‘kuru kuru kutralanathre!’ and turned him into thiru kutralanathar says the stala purana.

Purana significance:

Purana stories says that this place was a vaishnava temple and sage agasthiyar turned it into kuru kuru kutralanathar temple this leed to a heavy headache to thirukutralanathar so he was done abhishegams by 64 herbals and shanthanathi oil palam. Prepared and applied to the lord.this is done even today by the devotiees. Revealing its vainava base the temple is in the form of a conch . conch is favored by perumal.

Stone significant:

89 stone engravings here been found in kutralam the chola king parakesarivarman alias parandaghen I (period 927-943 bc) have ten , In the first stone engraving there is mention about ‘thiru kutrala perumal’ the later once depict ‘kutrala devan’ madevan, since serge evidence reveal a solar eclipse historians calculate the period clearly to night the temple3 deepam cows were donated along with gold money goats and buffaloes are also found to be denoted as per the stone engineering. Since there are mentions about primal are can relies that there were bath the shiba sannathi and perumal sannathi.

Literary Significant:

Evidence are found in devara songs during the pallava period about kutralam town and god. Religion for kuravaas have also sung about this temple thirugnana sambanthar has visited this temple and worshipped thirukutralanathar and sung about the stala tree in the second scripture’s 71st pathigam , the term coutralam is first used in Devaram. It is also found present in devaram ,thiruvasagam , thirukkovayar, sivaperuman thiruvanthathi, and periya puranam.

During the Nayakkar rule sages like pattinathar, and arunagiri nathar, has sung about thirukutralanathar . Thirigoodarasappa kavirayar has sung 16 amall literary songs about kuzhaivaimozhi amman.

Art & Architechture:

This temple was constructed before 5th century b.c. Its mean entrance east faced . there are two elephants is two handless in the front mandapam there is a thirikooda mandapam with 100 pillars.Secondly there is a reception mandapam, there are many wooden pillars that are engraved elegantly with artistic splendor.

In the south of the mandapam lord vinayagar and in the north lord arulmigu Nayanar sannithi are found.Crossing the entrance , there is the namaskara mandapam, alter, stupa, and mandhi, then in the north , fourlegged sabapathi mandapam, After the kodi mandapam , there is a lord shrine temple, thirusutru entrance , mandapams front located lord vinayagar lord muruga stste and Dwarapalagas are found.

Swamy sannathi:

Lord kutralanathar sannathi ‘s maha mandapams soth side one can find anukkai vinayagar as found to its south urchava status are worshipoed. In the north of the sannathi lord natraya’s sannadhi is found on its either side urchava status are found.

In the swamy sannathi outer pragara’s south side lord Dakshinamoorthi and opposite to it Brahmi, Maheshwari, Gowmari ,Vaishnavi,Varahi, Indrani, Samundi, are the sapta kanniga’s . found along with Mahalakshmi , Ayyanar,Marayanar,Narasimma moorthy, Brahma, are also found to be located inside the temple. In the south western side of the thirusuvatrin one can find kannimoola vinayagar is gracing the devotees.

In the west one can find thandeer vaanmiganathar Sambukeswarar Annamalainathar , Thirukaalathiyappar, Thirumoolanathar, Ramalingar is sannathis are also found.In the north Western corner lord Subramaniyanar is found along with Valli and Deivanai . more over in the north side of the swami lord Saneeswaran is found to be in a separate sannathi in the standing posture.Then one can find the Chandikeswarar sannathi is found.

Amman sannithi:

Goddess puyalvaimozhi amman is found to be the consort of thiru kutralanathar. Amman sannithi is found in the south of the lord thirukutralanathar’s sannithi.In its entrance’s front portion one can find the annampillai peedam. In the outer wall south of the amman – kailasanathar and in tha north is goddess durga is the northern front of the sannithi.

Outer wall:

The outer path 63 nayanmar, four hundred perumal, sailappar, vallava vinayagar, papanasar, ulagamman, Nellaiyappar, Ganthimathi amman, mankkolanathr, Naarum poo nathr, sangaralinganathar, Palvanna nathar, Pooanai amman, Sokkalingar, Meenakshi, Sastha, medhunadheeswarar,aramvalartha kasi vishwanathar, vishvalakshi,Sivalaya sage, bairavar, Yaga scala, waragrahas are found.So one who visits the temple gets the benefits of visitings many temples.

Pooja Schedule:

Pooja’s are performed at eight timings as per Maghudagama system in the temple.

1. Thiruvananthal – 6 am – Morning
2. Udhayamartandam – 7 am – Morning
3. Vilapooja – 8 am – Morning
4. Srukala Sandhi – 9 am – Morning
5. Kala Sandhi – 10 am – Morning
6. Uchikalam – 12 Noon – Afternoon
7. Sayaratchai – 6 pm – Evening
8. Arthasama – 8 pm – Night

Worshipping Method:

Since the ‘maghudagam’ of thirukkutralanathar has been designed as per the status one has to worship lord vinayaga and lord Nataraja before worshipping Thirukkutralanathar. After that one can worship all going and sri prasakthi found at the ‘pragaram’ finally going into the swamy sannithi onr must worship lord Sandeeswara and then came out.

The ‘nada’ Opening Time.
Morning : 6 am to 12 Noon
Evening : 4.30 pm to 8 pm

Religious Festivals:

S.No
Festivals
Days
1 Chithirai Visu Festival 10 days
2 Iaippasi Visu festival 10 days
3 Markali Thiruvathirai Festival 10 days
4 Navarathri Festival 9 days
5 Adi Newmoon day Patra Deepam Festival 1 day
6 Avani Moola Festival 1 day
7 Iaippasi Thirukkalyanam Festival 1 day
8 Kandha Sasti Festival 1 day
9 Karthigai Lamp Festival 1 day
10 Thai Maha Thappa Festival Thai – 1 day
11 Maasi Monthi Shivarathiri Masi – 1 day
12 Panguni Uthirai Festival 1 day
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