Kailasanathar Temple

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The kanchi Kailasanathar Temple is the oldest structure in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu state, India, it’s a Hindu temple in the Dravidian type of architecture. It dedicated to the god Maha Shivaand is known for its historical place. The Kailasanathar Temple was engineered from 685-705 AD by a Rajasimha ruler of the Pallava family. The low slung are nice rock compound contains a large variety of carvings, together with many half-animal deities that were popular during the first Dravidian architectural period. The Temple structure contains 58 little shrines that ar dedicated to various types of Shiva. These are designed into niches on the inner face of the high compound wall of the circumambulatory passage. The Temple is located on the banks of the Vedavathi River at the western limits of the Kanchipuram. The Kailasanathar Temple Temple faces east its location demarcated according to the spiritual faiths is in one of 3 “Kanchis”, the Shiva Kanchi, the other 2 Kanchis are Vishnu Kanchiand Jain Kanchi. Its 75 kilometres (47 mi) from the city, the capital town of Chennai. Kailasanathar is one of many notable temples in Kanchipuram (kanchi), the other Temples Ekambareswarar Temple, Kachapeshwarar Tepmle, Kamakshi Amman Temple, and Kumarakottam Temple, and Varadaraja Perumal Temple.

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kanchi Kailasanathar Temple History:

The Temple (meaning “Lord of the Cosmic Mountain”), is constructed in the tradition of Smartha worship of Shiva, Vishnu, Devi, Surya (Sun), Ganapathi and Kartikeya, in Hinduism, a practice that replaced the Buddhism. Kailasanathar Temple construction is attributable to the Pallava familyUN agency had established their kingdom with Kanchipuram (also called “Kanchi” or “Shiva Vishnu Kanchi”) as the capital town, considered one of the seven sacred cities below Hinduism. There was AN interim when the Chalukya rulers defeated the Pallavas and occupied Kanchipuram. And However the Pallavas retrieve their territory and began increasing their capital town of Kanchipuram and designed many temples of great magnificence. The only temple of this era which is extant is that the Kailshanathar Temple.

The Kailasnathar Temple was designed during 685-705AD. It’s the first structural temple built in South India by Narasimhavarman II (Rajasimha), and who is also called Rajasimha Pallaveswaram. His son Mahendravarman III completed the front façade and the gopuram (tower). Previous temples were either engineered of wood or hewn into rock faces in caves or on Rocks as seen in Mahabalipuram. And the Kailasanathar temple became the trend setter for different similar temples in South India. According to native belief, the temple was a secure sanctuary for the rulers of the kingdom during wars. A secret tunnel, engineered by the kings, was used as AN escape route and remains visible.

 The Kailasnathar Temple has gone different names like Kachipettu Periya Thirukatrali (meaning  Stone Temple of Kachipettu, the old name for this day Kanchipuram) when Rajaraja Chola I of the Chola family paid a visit to this temple. Impressed by the design of this temple he engineered theBrihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur. Nowadays Kanchi Kailasanathar Temple is maintained by archeological Survey of India.

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Kailasanathar Temple Architecture:

The Kailasanathar Temple has maintained the Pallava design in its original stylised type with influence of the later designs developed by the Chola family and Vijayanagara Emperors. it’s of stone engineered design not like the rock cut design built into sacred caves or carved  into rock outcrops as in Mahabalipuram. The tall gopuram (tower) is to the left and the temple complex is to the right. The Temple foundations ar made from granite, that may stand up to the weight of the temple but the grate architecture including the carvings are all made from sandstone. Initially, only the main sanctuary existed with pointed vimana and a detached mandapa (main hall).

 The Kailasanathar Temple complex is complete in all respects because it has garbagriha (sanctum sanctorum), antarala (inner enclosure), temple mandapa (center hall) a high compound wall, and an entrance gate, the gopuram. The mandapa that was at first detached was created a part of the main shrine by interposing AN ardhamantapa (smaller hall). The temple hall pillars of the mandapa have the repetitive features of legendary lion mounts. The Temple structure has a simple layout with a tower or shikara at the center of the complex. The shikara of the Kailasanathar Temple higher than the main shrine (sanctum sanctorum), is sq. in plan and rises up in a curving style or pointed shape.

The Kailasanathar Temple tower has many levels rising proportionately.At the highest of this tower, there’s atiny low roof in the form of a dome. The pillar parts with legendary animal shapes (lions on the base) ar additional options in Pallava style. At the doorway the gopuram walls ar plastered. Its entrance wall has eight little shrines and a gopura, precursor to the most gopura. At some last stage the temple mandapa and the sanctuary were joined by AN intermediate hall called the ardhamantapa, that is reported to own marred the wonder of the temple to some extent. The Kailasanathar Temple is enclosed inside walls in a rectangular layout.

Kanchi Kailasanathar Temple Address

Chennai to kanchi = 73 km by Road

Thiruvannamalai (Arunachalam Temple) to Kamakshi Amman Temple = 137 km by Road

Tirupathi to Kanchi Kamakshi Temple = 128 km by Road

Buses and Trains available from All major cities to this place. Nearest Airport available in Chennai.

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